We use a program called Daily Grammar Practice in the English Department. We have one sentence each week, and we break that sentence down in different ways each day. Mondays, we focus on parts of speech. On Tuesdays, we focus on parts of the sentence. On Wednesdays, we look at clauses. Thursdays are the days when we focus on capitalization and punctuation. On Fridays, we diagram sentences.
In an effort to help with some of this work, I have created a guide for the basic parts of speech. You can find that here:
You can also find a link to the full DGP notes package here.